|Place of Departure||CASTIGION FIORENTINO|
|Place of Arrival||CORTONA|
Length – KM
|Nation of the route||Italy|
|CAI (Diff. Escurs.)||E|
|File (.KMZ) to follow the way
blue line variation for bike
|File PDF||Download File|
|Open Street Map on Outdooractive||Open Map|
CASTIGLION FIORENTINO developed in the 6th century BC during the rise of the Etruscan civilization in North-East Etruria, like Cortona and Arezzo, benefiting from waterways linking the area to both Pisa and Rome. The Etruscans settled on hilltops overlooking fertile plains. The early settlement arose, in fact, in the area of Torre Cassero (Tower keep). The Etruscans were known for their technology in land reclamation and water management. The river Clanis emerged out of a process of geological uplifts in the southern part of the Chiana Valley. Since then it emptied its waters into the Arno. Originally it was part of the Arno-Tiber waterway. At the time of Augustus, the Clanis was completely separated from the Tiber basin, since by flooding the Valley it discharged into the Tiber causing Rome to be flooded. Since then it was Florence to suffer from floods. In the Middle Ages the Val di Chiana was marshland but this was an advantage for water was a better means of transport than mule trains on sheep droves and Castiglione, as Cortona and Arezzo enjoyed a new lease of life. Without rational, efficient transport no civilization can prosper.
Things to see in Castiglion Fiorentino: The Municipium, built in the 14th century, The Municipal art Gallery (Pinacoteca), in the premises of the church of Sant’Angelo, the Tower of Cassero (the Keep), The Palazzo Pretorio (Old Court House), 1412, The Vasari Loggia (built in 1513, the Civic Theatre, the Church of St Francesco, Pieve di San Giuliano (Baptismal church) 15th century, Church of St. Agostino, Church of the Madonna della Consolazione.
This stage is short and easy but beautiful for the country it traverses, with its Mediterranean colours, ubrella pines, cypresses, olive trees and pomegranates and villas, Castiglione and Cortona are among the most fascinating towns in Tuscany and one must have time to see and admire, and taste! Leaving the town we take Via della Consolazione, passing by the church by the same name with an octagonal plan, designed by Antonio da Sangallo the Younger and finished in the early 17th century, 400 m beyond, having passed over a stream, we turn right, walk 900 m and turn left, on for another 900 m along a ditch which we shall cross to approach the hill where the castle of Montecchio lies. This is one of the most spectacular castles in Tuscany, almost intact since it was inhabited by English Mercenary Knight John Hawkwood from Kent in the 15th century, known in Florentine history as Giovanni Acuto. We arrive at the Church of Montecchio and take the medieval road to the Castle. The castle, very unfortunately, is not open to the public but only to the friends of a certain “countess” who lives there. Now our path is pretty rough and steep, then downhill for about 1,5Km up to Villa Schiatti, passing through Contrada San Silvestro. When we leave St Francis’ footpath, to turn right onto an easy road quite leveled; we pass by Contrada Fonte del Mazza, Borgo San Pietro, Tavernelle, San Martino, Santa Lucia, and we are at Sodo near the gates of Cortona. Before we walk into the famous town, we pay a visit to the Etruscan tombs, which are across the SS71, in a locality called Molino. There is a huge barrow or mound over 100 m in diameter with a monumental, ceremonial staircase with two sphinxes on the sides, leading to a platform used for celebrating the funeral, and to burial chambers. The syle is “Orientalizing” and the date is 7th-6th BC, a period of close relationships with the Near East. In order to enter Cortona we return to Santa Lucia where, turning right sulla SS71, turning right on SS71 and after 100 m left, we turn right to SP 34 of Sodo that we follow for 700 m, when we turn left, again to avoid the traffic, in a secondary road around the hill where is the cemetery of the city; after 800 m we are in the parking; than we take SP34 of Sodo, then Via Roma.
For the description of the route see the Guide of Simone Frignani end Download File PDF
How to arrive
|From airport (BOLOGNA, FIRENZE, PISA) to Arezzo FS Railway Station; from PERUGIA to Perugia FS Railway Station||TRAIN – (www.trenitalia.com) Arezzo FS Railway Station – Castiglion Fiorentino FS Railway Station; Perugia FS Railway Station – Castiglion Fiorentino FS Railway Station||BUS/LOCAL TRAIN – bus route (www.etruriamobilita.it/index.php?SEZ=16) Arezzo FS Railway Station – Rigutino -Castiglion Fiorentino FS Railway Station|
Where to eat
Where to sleep
|Fortini Gian Luca||Località Case Sparse-Ossaia,32/d – 52044 CORTONA AR||0575-630530|